Characteristics of ‘Shopping Districts’ from the Perspective of Pre-war and Wartime Shopping District Organizations (part 2)
名古屋学院大学論集 社会科学篇 第51巻 第3号
要旨： The second section will raise some examples of positive business activities by the shopping districts’ merchants association. This will confirm that these are not exceptions to the policy, but have central status as the major form of the merchants association. Furthermore, it will confirm how retail businesses and shopping districts have transformed under wartime regulation, and clarify the orientation found by the shopping district. There was not simply an economic identity by way of goods distribution, but a identity as a regional organization. This study notes the relationship between the raison d’etre of a shopping district and local regions during such extreme conditions of a war as being the basis for the current relationship between shopping districts and community building.
Characteristics of ‘Shopping Districts’ from the Perspective of Pre-war and Wartime Shopping District Organizations (part 1)
要旨：This study considers the relationship between shopping districts and machidukuri (community building), with particular focus from the perspective of shopping districts in the early Showa period. The recognition of policy in relation to shopping districts indicates there were proactive local movements that led to the revisions of the Merchants Association Law. Resource materials from the time have identified the type of presence that shopping districts had at such time. Keywords: Shopping districts, machidukuri (community building), merchants association, shopping district activities